Specification Definition & Which Means

A specification may refer to a normal which is often referenced by a contract or procurement document, or an otherwise agreed upon set of requirements (though still typically used in the singular). All content material on this web site, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference knowledge is for informational purposes solely. This info shouldn’t be thought of full, updated, and is not meant for use rather than a go to, session, or recommendation of a legal, medical, or any other professional. In (hardware, software program, or enterprise) systems development, an architectural specification is the set of documentation that describes the construction, behavior, and extra views of that system. At the current time, much of the data and laws regarding food and meals merchandise stay in a kind which makes it troublesome to apply automated information processing, storage and transmission methods and techniques.

NBS master specifications present content material that is broad and complete, and delivered using software program functionality that allows specifiers to customize the content material to go well with the needs of the project and to maintain updated. In addition, specifications may be “closed” with a particular listing of products, or “open” permitting for substitutions made by the Contractor. Most development specifications are a combination of performance-based and proprietary types, naming acceptable producers and products while also specifying certain requirements and design criteria that should be met. Although specifications are usually issued by the architect’s workplace, specification writing itself is undertaken by the architect and the assorted engineers or by specialist specification writers. Specification writers could additionally be separate entities corresponding to sub-contractors or they might be staff of architects, engineers, or building management corporations. Specification writers regularly meet with producers of constructing materials who seek to have their products specified on upcoming building projects in order that contractors can embody their merchandise within the estimates resulting in their proposals.


Specifications in the UK are a half of the contract documents that accompany and govern the development of a building. They are prepared by development professionals similar to architects, architectural technologists, structural engineers, panorama architects and building companies engineers. They are created from previous project specs, in-house documents or master specifications such as the National Building Specification (NBS). The National Building Specification is owned by the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) via their commercial group RIBA Enterprises (RIBAe).

Specifications are a type of technical standard which may be developed by any of various sorts of organizations, in both the private and non-private sectors. It is widespread for one group to refer to (reference, call out, cite) the standards of one other. Voluntary standards may turn out to be mandatory if adopted by a government or business contract.

definition of specification

A program specification is the definition of what a pc program is anticipated to do. It may be informal, in which case it can be thought of as a user guide from a developer point of view, or formal, in which case it has a particular meaning defined in mathematical or programmatic phrases https://www.globalcloudteam.com/. In follow, many successful specs are written to know and fine-tune functions that have been already well-developed, although safety-critical software methods are sometimes carefully specified prior to utility growth.

British Dictionary Definitions For Specification

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definition of specification

This is based on the idea that words are easier for a jury (or mediator) to interpret than drawings in case of a dispute. A design or product specification describes the features of the options for the Requirement Specification, referring to either a designed resolution or final produced answer. Sometimes the time period specification is right here used in connection with a knowledge sheet (or spec sheet), which may be confusing.

Specification Definition

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate present utilization of the word ‘specification.’ Any opinions expressed in the examples don’t symbolize these of Merriam-Webster or its editors. In many contexts, notably software, specifications are wanted to avoid errors as a result of lack of compatibility, for example, in interoperability points. Specifications are an integral part of Building Information Modeling and canopy the non-geometric requirements. These examples are programmatically compiled from numerous on-line sources for instance present usage of the word ‘spec.’ Any opinions expressed within the examples do not characterize those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. An “in-service” or “maintained as” specification, specifies the circumstances of a system or object after years of operation, together with the consequences of wear and tear and maintenance (configuration changes). (a) important and (b) desirable, in terms of qualifications, expertise, work-based competencies, and behaviour-based competencies.

  • A design or product specification describes the options of the solutions for the Requirement Specification, referring to both a designed answer or last produced answer.
  • A specification may discuss with a normal which is often referenced by a contract or procurement doc, or an in any other case agreed upon set of requirements (though still often used within the singular).
  • The HBRC has revealed more than 15 books which cowl building actions like earthworks, plastering, etc.
  • The standard AIA (American Institute of Architects) and EJCDC (Engineering Joint Contract Documents Committee) states that the drawings and specifications are complementary, collectively offering the data required for a whole facility.
  • These examples are programmatically compiled from numerous online sources for example current utilization of the word ‘spec.’ Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent these of Merriam-Webster or its editors.

UK project specification varieties fall into two primary categories prescriptive and efficiency. Prescriptive specifications define the requirements using generic or proprietary descriptions of what is required, whereas performance specs give consideration to the outcomes quite than the traits of the elements. In software development, a functional what is specification specification (also, practical spec or specs or useful specs document (FSD)) is the set of documentation that describes the conduct of a pc program or bigger software program system. The documentation typically describes numerous inputs that could be offered to the software system and how the system responds to these inputs.

Are We Missing A Good Definition For Specification? Don’t Keep It To Yourself

A specification usually refers to a set of documented requirements to be satisfied by a material, design, product, or service.[1] A specification is commonly a type of technical standard. A formal specification is a mathematical description of software or hardware which might be used to develop an implementation. It describes what the system ought to do, not (necessarily) how the system should do it. Given such a specification, it’s potential to use formal verification methods to demonstrate that a candidate system design is appropriate with respect to that specification. This has the advantage that incorrect candidate system designs may be revised earlier than a significant funding has been made in actually implementing the design. An various method is to make use of provably right refinement steps to rework a specification right into a design, and finally into an precise implementation, that’s correct by building.

definition of specification

Data methods that may process, retailer and transfer details about meals and meals products need formal specifications for the representations of knowledge about meals and food products so as to function successfully and efficiently. A requirement specification is a documented requirement, or set of documented necessities, to be glad by a given materials, design, product, service, and so forth.[1] It is a common early a part of engineering design and product growth processes in lots of fields. There are several sorts of technical or engineering specifications (specs), and the time period is used differently in different technical contexts. The word specification is broadly defined as “to state explicitly or intimately” or “to be particular”.

The Housing and Building National Research Center (HBRC) is liable for creating development specs and codes. The HBRC has printed greater than 15 books which cover constructing activities like earthworks, plastering, etc. While there’s a tendency to consider that “specs overrule drawings” within the event of discrepancies between the textual content document and the drawings, the actual intent have to be made explicit within the contract between the Owner and the Contractor. The normal AIA (American Institute of Architects) and EJCDC (Engineering Joint Contract Documents Committee) states that the drawings and specifications are complementary, collectively offering the data required for a complete facility. Many public companies, such because the Naval Facilities Command (NAVFAC) state that the specs overrule the drawings.

Can You Remedy 4 Words At Once?

While North American specs are often restricted to broad descriptions of the work, European ones and Civil work can embody actual work quantities, together with things like area of drywall to be built in square meters, like a invoice of materials. This kind of specification is a collaborative effort between a specwriter and a amount surveyor. This approach is uncommon in North America, the place each bidder performs a amount survey on the premise of both drawings and specifications. In many countries on the European continent, content material that may be described as “specs” in the United States are coated underneath the building code or municipal code. Civil and infrastructure work in the United States usually features a quantity breakdown of the work to be carried out as nicely.

A information sheet describes the technical traits of an merchandise or product, usually printed by a manufacturer to help individuals select or use the products. A knowledge sheet isn’t a technical specification within the sense of informing the way to produce. This is a document that describes the skills, knowledge, and qualities wanted to carry out a selected job. It is used in the recruitment course of to have the ability to translate the job necessities (specified in the job description) into tangible options that applicants have to demonstrate they possess so as to be deemed appropriate for the vacancy. Typically, an individual specification will outline the criteria which are (a) important and (b) desirable, in phrases of qualifications, experience, work-based competencies, and behaviour-based competencies. Using the individual specification, it’s potential for the managers involved within the choice process to decide upon the suitable selection techniques to use so as to assess and compare the candidates.